Terms

By , April 17, 2011 8:03 pm

| General Terms | Attacks | Techniques |

General Terms

1. ai hanmi – stance where both uke and nage have the same foot forward
2. aiki-harmony with universal energy
3. aikido-the way of aiki; the art founded by Morihei Ueshiba O Sensei

4. aikidoka-one who practices aikido
5. atemi-strike to vital area; strike to an opening
6. bokken-wooden sword
7. budo-martial ways

8. choyaku-stepping; leaping movement
9. chudan no kamae-ready stance where ones weapon is held at mid-level centerline
and extended toward the opponent.s throat (also called seigan no kamae)
10. deshi-student; disciple
11. do-the way; a cut to the side of the torso

12. do-uchi-a cut to the side of the torso
13. dogi-practice uniform
14. dojo-training hall; place where one studies the way.
15. domo arigato gozaimashita-thank you very much; thank you for training with me

16. dori-grab; grasp
17. gawashi-an off-the-line checking and controling movement with ones weapon
18. gedan no kamae-ready stance where ones weapon is held at mid-level centerline
and extended toward the ground
19. giri-cut

20. gyaku hanmi-opposing stance where uke and nage have the opposite foot forward
21. hai-yes, or a term of acknowledgement
22. hakama-traditional pleated pants worn by budo practitioners
23. hasso no kamae-ready stance where ones weapon is held off-center to ones right

side in either the high or low ready position (i.e.hasso jodan no kamae or hasso gedan
no kamae)
24. henka waza – training method involving switching from one technique to another
25. hanmi – basic triangle stance of aikido
26. hantai – opposite; reverse

27. hara – one point; the body.s center of gravity
28. hidari – left
29. hiji – elbow

30. hiza – knee
31. irimi – entering movement
32. jiuwaza – freestyle practice

33. jo – wooden staff, approximately 60 inches in height
34. jo tori – jo taking (disarming) techniques
35. jodan no kamae – ready stance where ones weapon is held at centerline above ones
head

36. kaeshi waza – reversal techniques
37. kakari geiko – continual repetition of a technique from multiple uke
38. kamae – ready stance

39. kata – shoulder; set form
40. keiko – training; practice
41. ken – sword

42. kesa gake – diagonal cut through the shoulder
43. kesa giri – diagonal cut across the body
44. ki – life energy
45. kohai – junior student

46. koho – back; backward; behind
47. koho shomenuchi – shomen strike performed following a 180 degree pivot
48. kokyu – breathing; life giving breath; rhythm; timing
49. kokyu dosa – ki development exercise performed while in seiza

50. kokyu ho – breathing meditation
51. koshi nage – hip throw
52. kote giri – wrist cut
53. kote uchi – wrist strike; wrist cut

54. kubi – neck
55. kumi tachi – paired sword practice
56. kyu– rankings prior to dan (black belt) grades
57. ma-ai – proper distance between uke and nage where forward motion is required in
order to attack

58. men – face; head
59. migi – right
60. misogi – purification ritual; spiritual cleansing

61. mune – chest
62. musubi – harmonious connection; unity
63. nage – throw; the one who throws
64. omote – descriptive of techniques performed to the front (inside) of uke

65. onegai shimasu – please practice with me; will you train with me? Literally – I
make a request.
66. O Sensei – great teacher
67. Osame – sweeping (clearing) pivot with ones weapon extending horizontally at
centerline
68. randori – practice involving multiple attackers

69. rei – etiquette; courtesy; bow
70. reigi – etiquette; courtesy
71. ryo – both

72. seiza – Japanese formal sitting method
73. sempai – senior student
74. sensei – teacher
75. shihan – teacher of teachers; master teacher

76. shikaku – dead angle; throwing angle
77. shikko – knee walking
78. shisei – posture; position; physical and mental attitude

79. shomen – the head; a cut or strike to the front of the head; the head (front) of dojo
80. shomen gawashi – an off-the-line checking movement where ones weapon scribes a
“U” shape ending with the weapon held inverted at forehead height with the tip pointed toward the opponent’s neck (i.e.high guard)
81. soto – out; outside; movement outside of uke.s arm

82. suwari waza– techniques performed from seiza and shikko
83. tachi – sword
84. tachidori – sword taking

85. tatami – traditional Japanese straw mats
86. tenkan– turning or pivoting
87. tsuki – thrust or punch

88. uchi deshi – personal student or disciple
89. uke – one who receives technique; the one who is thrown
90. ukemi – rolling; falling

91. ura – descriptive of techniques performed to the rear (outside) of uke
92. yokomen osae – off-the-line checking movement with ones weapon held at centerline
and extended toward the throat
93. yudansha – those holding a dan (black belt) rank

94. ushiro waza – techniques performed from attacks from behind
95. waza – techniques
96. zanshin – lingering connection immediately following the completion technique; full
awareness of ones surroundings
97. zenpo – forward; frontward

98. zenpotsuki – forward thrust

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The Attacks

Grabbing


1. katate tori – same side single wrist grab
2. katate cosa dori – cross hand single wrist grab

3. ryote dori – double wrist grab (both hands grabbing both wrists)
4. ryote mochi – double wrist grab (two hands grabbing one wrist)
5. kata tori – single side shoulder grab

6. ryo kata tori – double shoulder grab
7. mune dori – lapel grab
8. ryo mune dori – double lapel grab

9. hiji tori – elbow grab
10. ryo hiji tori – double elbow grab
11. ushiro dori – bear hug from behind

12. ushiro tekubi tori – double wrist grab from behind
13. ushiro kubi shime – choke from behind

Striking


1. shomen uchi – overhead strike to the head

2. munetsuki – linear strike to the solar plexus / chest
3. chudantsuki – linear strike to the abdomen
4. ganmentsuki – linear strike to the head

5. yokomen uchi – circular or angled strike to the side of the head

Kicking


1. mae geri – front kick
2. yoko geri – side kick

3. mawashi geri – round kick

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The Techniques

Neutralizations


1. ikkyo – first neutralization
2. nikyo – second neutralization
3. sankyo – third neutralization

4. yonkyo – fourth neutralization
5. gokyo – fifth neutralization
6. hiji katame – elbow pin / control

7. hiji jime – elbow lock

Projections


1. shiho nage – four direction throw

2. kote gaeshi – wrist fold
3. kokyu nage – breath throw
4. irimi nage – entering throw
5. zenpo nage – forward throw

6. shomen ate – head strike
7. kaiten nage – wheel throw
8. maki otoshi – spiral drop

9. hiji otoshi – elbow drop
10. tenchi nage – heaven and earth throw
11. ude kime nage – arm lock throw
12. koshi nage – hip throw

13. aiki otoshi – hip drop
14. juji nage – cross arm throw
15. sumi otoshi – corner drop
16. kiri kaeshi – figure 8 throw

17. enkei nage – circular throw
18. hiza gaeshi – knee fold

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